The Social class determines a group of individuals who share similar interests and have socioeconomic.
In this sense, several groups make up the existing social classes, classified in a basic and hierarchical way between the “rich” and the “poor”.
With the end of the feudal system, the rise of the bourgeois class and the rise of the capitalist system (private property and the means of production), social groups were divided.
The definition of social class as we know it today came from the studies of German theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
According to Marxism, the “Class Theory” determines social classes through the capitalist mode of production, that is, between the holders of goods and capital and the workers who provide their labor power.
Thus, the class struggle within a capitalist society is determined by two groups: the dominant (bourgeoisie) and the dominated (proletariat), from which the second, the working or working class, sells its labor force.
For theorists, this class struggle would end when there were no groups of oppressors and oppressed, that is, without distinctions between income, education, health and culture, resulting from the extinction of the capitalist political-economic system in favor of the communist ideals of a society. classless.
Social Class and Social Stratum
Confusion between the terms “social stratum” and “social class” is very common, however, the former is broader in that it includes not only the economic and political aspects of groups, but also the distribution of certain social values such as education. , wealth, prestige, etc.
Social Classes in Brazil
In Brazil, the classification of social classes according to family income is divided basically into: upper class, middle class and lower class.
According to the economic classification criteria of the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs (SAE) and the Brazilian Association of Research Companies (ABEP), each group (high, medium and low) is characterized by letters, namely: class A, B, C, D and E.
Therefore, some groups have subcategories, for example, class A (A1, A2), class B (B1, B2), and class C (C1, C2).
Note that in view of this economic classification, group A1 is the highest class (better quality of life and higher purchasing power), while group E indicates the lowest class, ie, with lower purchasing power and poor quality of life. This criterion takes into account family income, assets and educational level.
In turn, the classification of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics divides social classes into 6 basic categories according to monthly household income: Class A (over 20 minimum wages), Class B (10 to 20 minimum wages), Class C (4-10 minimum wages), Class D (2-4 minimum wages) and Class E (up to 2 minimum wages).