The neo-Nazism (Latin, ” neo ” means new) is a contemporary movement inspired by the ideals Nazis.
It began to emerge in the late 70’s in various parts of the world.
In other words, neo-Nazism is the resumption of Nazism through the racist manifestation of violent groups.
Remember that in many countries, it is forbidden to commit Nazi crimes (crime of Nazi apology) and intolerance is the main factor of development of these groups. These are mostly young people, the so-called “neo-Nazis” or “neo-Nazis”.
Nowadays, with the expansion of the computer age, it is possible to find xenophobic and neo-inspired groups in social networks.
While notably the inspirations of the Nazi movement, many neo-Nazis do not consider themselves racist. Sometimes they give speeches against Nazism, thus preaching the independence of the movement.
Still, many groups believe the holocaust, the mass genocide that killed about 6 million Jews, is an exaggerated number. As such, they try to minimize the impact of the horrors that the Nazis caused.
Nazi Flag and the Swastika
The Nazism was a political and ideological movement that emerged in Germany in 1933 and ended in 1945 with the end of World War II.
Adolf Hitler, inspired by fascist ideas, was the leading figure of Nazism. Driven by nationalist and racist ideals, he persecuted the Jews (anti-Semitism) in the holocaust. According to him, the Aryan race was the purest and therefore superior to the others.
Neonazism in Brazil
The neo-Nazi movements began to emerge in Brazil in the 1980s. Based on the ideals of racial and ethnic segregation, neo-Nazism reinforces racism in the country.
According to Law No. 7,716 of January 5, 1989, which “Defines crimes resulting from race or color prejudice,” Nazism is cited in Article 20:
“ Art. 20. Practicing, inducing or inciting discrimination or prejudice of race, color, ethnicity, religion or national origin.
Penalty: imprisonment from one to three years and fine.
§ 1 Manufacture, market, distribute or convey symbols, emblems, ornaments, badges or advertising that use the swastika or gamma cross, for the purpose of Nazi dissemination.
Penalty: imprisonment from two to five years and fine . ”
Although the main focus is on ethnic differences, neo-Nazi groups pursue minority groups such as gays, transsexuals, foreigners, women, communists, Indians, Northeasterns, among others.
The largest numbers of neo-Nazi groups in Brazil are young whites, and mostly men with higher education. They are concentrated in the southern region of the country (Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Santa Catarina).
Besides, it has grown a lot in the last decades in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Distrito Federal.
The main neo-Nazi groups in Brazil are:
Neo-Nazism in the World
In Europe, several neo-Nazi groups emerged from the 1970s and today, with the economic crisis this number has grown exponentially.
In Germany, the scene of Nazi atrocities, the presence of neo-Nazi groups is still notorious. They faithfully believe in the ideals implemented and disseminated by Hitler, above all, in the superiority of the Aryan race.
The National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD), is a political party of Nazi inspirations with conservative, nationalist and radical ideology. It was founded in 1964, although Nazi actions are currently prohibited in the country.
In England, the National Front is a political party founded in 1970, made up of white members who are associated with other neo-Nazi movements around the world.
Other European countries such as Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Ukraine, Greece and Latvia have large neo-Nazi, racist and xenophobic groups.
In the United States, neo-Nazi movements have been expanding more and more.
In fact, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), the Protestant organization that supports white supremacy, emerged in the nineteenth century, is one of the most notorious racist groups in the country.
However, he is not characterized as a neo-Nazi since it emerged long before Nazism came to power in Germany.
Since in the United States the apology for Nazism is not considered a crime, there are several groups of Nazi inspirations around the country: White Aryan Resistance-WAR , Aryan Nations, Stormfront, Skynheads, etc.
Many of these groups, in addition to harassing and being violent towards blacks and homosexuals, they also harass the country’s immigrants. These are considered the great rivals and the biggest causes of social problems.
Like neo-Nazism, neo-fascism is a contemporary movement that brings together groups from different parts of the world inspired by the ideals of Italian fascism.