Freedom of Expression is the right that allows people to express their opinions without fear of reprisal. It also authorizes the information to be received by various means, independently and without censorship.
That is, it means the right to externalize personal or group opinion, always with respect and backed by the truthfulness of information.
This right is guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Freedom of Expression and Media
The relationship between the media and freedom of expression is fundamental, since it brings together the means that broaden the possibilities of various manifestations such as writing and plastic expression.
The right to express oneself does not indicate that there is no imposition of ethical and moral limits. Thus, slander is not allowed, as well as acts of injury, as in this way there are rights that would no longer be preserved.
Preservation of the rights of expression must be ensured in any media, including the Internet.
Informality should not mean total freedom to say what you want and offend people, causing moral harm.
Freedom of Expression and Politics
Restricting the circulation of ideas and prohibiting freedom of expression is a right taken from people in totalitarian regimes.
The exchange of ideas, discussions and dialogue encourages society to change. In addition, freedom of expression limits the abuse of power. In this way, authoritarian regimes are the first to censor the media and oversee places of ideation such as universities and schools.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights contemplates the right to freedom of expression, considering it a fundamental part of democracy.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right implies the freedom to maintain his or her own opinions without interference and to seek, receive and disseminate information and ideas by any means of expression regardless of borders.
Freedom of expression historically arises with political liberalism.
Freedom of Expression in Brazil
In Brazil, freedom of expression was contemplated in the first three constitutions until the 1937 Constitution was granted. At that time, the censorship period with Getúlio Vargas begins.
However, the next constitution, that of 1946, once again reinforces the rights and individual freedom of citizens.
In the 1967 Constitution, democracy again loses its place for authoritarianism and the centralization of power that began with the 1964 Coup.
Censorship of the media is one of the measures included in AI 5 – Institutional Act No. 5 decreed in 1968.
Finally, in the 1988 Constitution, the right to freedom of expression was reinstated. It is then, after the end of the dictatorship, that censorship was banned, as can be read in Article 220, paragraph 2:
“ Any censorship of a political, ideological and artistic nature is prohibited.“
Phrases about Freedom of Expression
- I may not agree with any of the words you say, but I will defend to death the right to say them. (Voltaire)
- I know there is only one freedom: that of thought. (Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
- People like the ideal of free speech until they begin to hear what they would not want them to say about them. (Augusto Branco)
- In our country we have these three indescribable precious things: freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, and prudence never to practice any of them. (Mark Twain)