Illicit drugs are substances where production, marketing and consumption are prohibited by law. Drugs, when ingested, inhaled or applied in the body, cause changes in their state, because they act on the nervous system and change the behavior and mental state of people who use them – they are called psychotropic drugs.
Among them, there are licit drugs and illicit drugs, which, being prohibited by law, circulate in the country through trafficking. Illicit drugs include marijuana, cocaine, crack, ecstasy, LSD, etc.
Effects and Risks of Illicit Drugs
The pot is made with parts of the plant (Cannabis sativa), which are crushed and rolled in the form of cigarette. Its use causes effects such as calmness, relaxation, introspection, dryness in the mouth, sweating, tremors, lack of balance and motor coordination. Their continued use can lead the consumer to a state of anxiety, fear of losing control and panic.
The cocaine is obtained from the leaves of coca (coca Erythroxylon) plant used legally as tea for over 1000 years by South American peoples. Cocaine is produced by chemical processes and is used as a powder, which is inhaled or injected into the bloodstream. It causes arousal and euphoria, intensification of mental activity, decreased appetite and increased blood pressure. Its frequent use can lead to cardiovascular disorders, respiratory arrest, stroke and infarction.
The crack as cocaine is derived from the coca paste, which mixed with certain salts produces a crystal. This stone is smoked in pipes and has a similar effect on the body as injected cocaine. Its use produces euphoria and excitement, a feeling of power more intense than cocaine, but of much shorter duration (which leads to wanting to consume more and more). The risks of crack use are hemorrhages, strokes and severe neurological damage.
The ecstasy is produced in the laboratory, usually in tablet form. Its use causes increased body temperature, increased stamina and sensory perceptions. Among the risks, their frequent use can lead to dehydration, panic, physical and psychological stress.
The LSD (or acid) is manufactured in the lab. It is usually presented on a paper impregnated with the drug to be dissolved in the mouth. Its use leads to hallucinations, with distortions of visual perception, increased blood pressure and heart rate. Among the risks of frequent use are delusions, which cause the notion of danger to be lost, even causing death. It can also accelerate the development of psychic illness in people prone to it.
The drugs, beyond the immediate health risk, causing many losses affecting the individual ‘s quality of life. The addiction is a disease that affects a person’s life and their relationships, especially family in various aspects: physical, mental, family, professional, financial. Fighting addiction is very difficult and often the addict goes through treatment, but eventually relapses and suffering begins again.
Chemical dependence is related to psychological and biochemical aspects of the organism. In general, users repeat use seeking to repeat the pleasant feelings achieved with the drug, this generates psychological dependence. In addition to physical dependence, symptoms such as depression, tiredness, mood swings and sleep are produced by the body when the individual stops consuming (abstinence).
Another aspect related to drug use is substance tolerance, which varies with each person’s type of drug and body. As one becomes more tolerant to the drug, the person needs to consume larger amounts to experience the same effects, and may happen at first use in some cases.
In large Brazilian cities the use of illicit drugs generates serious social problems related to trafficking and also public health problems related to drug addiction. In recent years, the situation of crack consumption has increased, for example, which has increased considerably. In places known as cracolandia, addicts gather to consume this drug, which is highly dangerous and generally cheaper than others.