Types of Lemon

There are 4 types of lemon known: Sicilian, Tahiti, Galician and carnation (or hillbilly). Despite many similarities, each type has distinct characteristics and is used for different purposes.

It is also worth mentioning that only the Sicilian is a true lemon. The remainder are acidic files, derived from the original lemon.

Types of Lemon

Types of lemon

Lemons are fruits of the lemon tree that, unlike other plants that generate citrus varieties, produces fruits in a continuous way.

The differences between the lemons are based on size and flavor, and may vary in color, going from green to orange. They are widely used fruits around the world, being the main ingredient of the most famous drink in Brazil, the Caipirinha.

Sicilian lemon

Commonly called “true lemon”, the Sicilian is the oldest type of lemon in the world. More acid than other lemons, it is often used in cooking for sweets, sauces and liqueurs.

The Sicilian lemon has an elongated shape and the yellow peel is quite thick.

Although known for the good smell, it is not as juicy as other varieties, but the concentrated acidity makes it be used in various dishes, such as risotos.

Tahiti lemon

Known for being the main ingredient of caipirinha, the Tahiti Lemon is the most commercialized type in Brazil. Very succulent and with few seeds inside, the Tahiti is the sweetest and least acidic among the lemons, perfect also for lemonades.

With a rounded shape and smooth and green peel, the Tahiti lemon can be used for purposes outside the kitchen. It is often used to eliminate odors and in the making of home remedies.

It is worth remembering that Tahiti is an acidic lime, originating from the true lemon.

Galician lemon

The Galician lemon, which is also an acidic lime originating from the true lemon, has a rounded shape and a thin, light-green or orange-colored peel. It is a lemon known to be tasty, even if small in size.

It is one of the most used lemon types in cooking, being much appreciated in ice creams, sauces, spices, drinks, sweets and juices.

Formerly, it was the lemon used in the Caipirinha, but due to scarcity at a certain time, it was replaced by Tahiti, which ended up taking its place in the recipe of the drink permanently.


Also known as “Pink lemon”, this variety is the result of the intersection between lemon and tangerine. By its appearance, with orange peel approaching the red, it is common to confuse it with a small orange.

The flavor and aroma of the lemon carnation are striking. Therefore, they are very required to marinate meats and replace vinegar in salads. With a bacterium that affects the peel of the fruit, but that is not harmful to humans, the lemon carnation may not seem so attractive, but it is one of the most succulent.

Lemons are known for the high content of vitamin C. They are also sources of minerals such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, etc.