Difference Between Summary and Review

What is the difference between summary and review? A summary presents the main aspects of an original text. The review aims to construct the property relationships of the analyzed object.

In this sense, the summary will bring the main aspects of another text, while the review would analyze, describe and enumerate relevant points of the content in question, which may be descriptive, opinactive or scientific.

  Summary Review
Definition Presentation of the main aspects, ideas and concepts of an original text distributed by paragraphs constructed in a logical, chronological, cohesive and coherent way. Presentation of the main aspects of a work or object, detailed information and arguments that may add a judgment of value on the content in question.
Features The summary must have title, author name and text presenting the main ideas of the original content. It must be organized according to a logical and chronological construction. Unlike the review, the summary cannot contain opinions unless they are the author of the original text. Despite the characteristics of the summary, the review should present more in-depth information and, with the analysis and personal opinion of the logger, indicate whether it is important for the reader to contact the material.
Types In addition to the common summary, there are two types of summary in the academic environment: simple and expanded. Reviews can be descriptive, opinative/critical, or scientific.

What’s a summary?

The summary is the presentation of the main aspects of an original text. Thus, it aims to simplify the most important points of the document so that the reader understands the essence of the source text succinctly. Therefore, it will be possible to understand the content of the source without requiring much time.

The summary is not based solely on written documents, but in addition to books and articles, also for films theatrical plays, etc.

On some occasions, the word synopsis is used as a synonym for abstract.

Summary structure

In general, the summary must have title, author name and text presenting the main ideas of the source content. The text must be organized according to a logical and chronological construction.

Unlike the review, the abstract cannot contain the author’s opinion, and only the opinion of the original text can be reflected, without citations from the source document.

Each of the subjects dealt with in the summary must be inserted into paragraphs. The text must be created concisely, with affirmative phrases.

In the academic world, we can cite two types of summary: simple and expanded. The first is a short text, containing between 300 and 500 words. The second can be between 4 and 5 pages, depending on the treatment given to the original document.

What’s a review?

The review is a content analysis that describes and enumerates aspects considered relevant by the Relogger. Thus, it can be a descriptive or critical text, relying on the opinion of those who write in comments about the value of what is being analyzed.

There are no limits on what can be reviewed, it may be books, films, music albums, theatrical plays, sporting events, among others. To do this, the Relogger should present a summary of the principal aspects of the analyzed object and crucial information about it.

With the review, the reader can measure the degree of interest he would have on a given object or subject. However, despite the summary features, the review should provide more in-depth information.

By relying on the analysis and personal opinion of the logger, the reader may decide whether or not it is in his interest to contact the object in question.

Scientific review

As in other types of review (descriptive or opinactive), the scientific review should present synthesis and criticism about the scientific work on which it is based. In addition to the summary with the main information and concepts, it should be clear and pertinent to discuss what was elaborated in the work of origin.

Opinactive/Critical Review

Widely used in journalism, the critical review presents the summary of the main ideas of an original content (literary works, cinematographic, etc.).

The logger needs to present the most important aspects in a thorough manner, analyzing each of them and including comments of a personal nature that creates a judgment of value on the work done.

Main features of the review

A review should present:

  • Most important points of the work in which the text is based;
  • Structure and focus of the work done;
  • Confrontation of different points of view with information and arguments;
  • Criticism based on positive and negative aspects of the original content.

Therefore, a summary displays the main points of a text or original content. The review, in addition to presenting the essential ideas of the work in which it is based in a summarized way, seeks to add a judgment of value and arguments about fundamental aspects of the work done.