What is Ethics?

Ethics are the name given to the branch of philosophy dedicated to moral affairs. The word ethics is derived from the Greek, and means that which belongs to the character.

In a less philosophical and more practical sense, we can understand this concept a little better by examining certain behaviors of our day to day, when we refer, for example, to the behavior of some professionals such as a doctor, journalist, lawyer, businessman, politician and even a teacher. For these cases, it is quite common to hear expressions such as: medical ethics, journalistic ethics, business ethics and public ethics.

Meaning of Ethics

Ethics can be confused with law, although, quite often, the law is based on ethical principles. However, unlike the law, no individual can be compelled by the state or by other individuals to comply with ethical standards, nor suffer any sanction for disobeying them; but the law may be silent on matters covered by ethics.

Ethics covers a wide area and can be applied to the professional field. There are codes of professional ethics that indicate how an individual should behave in the context of his or her profession. The ethics and citizenship are two concepts that form the basis of a prosperous society.

Ethic and Moral

Ethics and morality are related themes, but they are different, because morality is based on obedience to norms, customs or cultural, hierarchical or religious orders and ethics, seeks to ground the way of living by human thought.

In philosophy, ethics is not limited to morality, which is usually understood as custom, or habit, but seeks the theoretical basis for finding the best way to live; the pursuit of the best lifestyle. Ethics encompasses many fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, economics, pedagogy, politics, and even physical and dietary education.

Ethics in Public Service

The issue of public service ethics is directly related to the conduct of public servants. Such individuals should act according to an ethical standard, exhibiting moral values such as good faith and other principles necessary for a healthy life in society.

When a person is elected to public office, society places trust in him, and hopes that he will fulfill an ethical standard. Thus, this person must be at the level of that trust and exercise his function following certain values, principles, ideals and rules. Likewise, the public servant must be committed to promoting social equality, to fight for job creation, to develop citizenship and to strengthen democracy. To this end, it must be prepared to implement policies that benefit the country and the community in the social, economic and political spheres.

A professional who performs a public function should be able to strategically think, innovate, cooperate, learn and unlearn when necessary, devise more effective ways of working. Unfortunately, cases of corruption within the scope of the public service are the result of professionals who do not work ethically.

Real Estate Ethics

Ethics in real estate deals with how agents or real estate agents interact with potential clients.

In the real estate market, one of the most important values is credibility, which is a value that is achieved by working ethically. Many real estate agents force a sale or property, and often hide details that they know will harm the client in the future. Working ethically is thinking about the common good and leaving individualism behind. The professional should seek the mutual satisfaction of the parties. When a business is conducted and closed and ethical, the likelihood of customer loyalty is much greater.

The real estate world deals with intangible goods, such as ethics, common sense, creativity, professionalism, product knowledge, etc. In this way, an intelligent, professional and ethical real estate agent acts with justice and decency, knowing that the heart of his profession is not dealing with real estate but building healthy relationships and making dreams come true.

The businessman Fábio Azevedo states that: “To sell with ethics, first, sell yourself, then buy yourself, if you are satisfied, you will be in the way.”

Ethics of Nicomachus

The book entitled “Nicomachean Ethics” is written by Aristotle and was dedicated to his father, whose name was Nicomachus. This is the main work of Aristotle on Ethics and consists of ten books, where Aristotle is like a father who is concerned about the education and happiness of his son, but also aims to make people think about their actions, thus placing reason above the passions, seeking individual and collective happiness, because the human being lives in society and his attitudes must have in view the common good. In the Aristotelian works, ethics is seen as part of politics that precedes politics itself, and is related to the individual, while politics portrays man in his social aspect.

For Aristotle, all practical rationality aims at an end or a good and ethics aims to establish the ultimate purpose that is above and justifies all others, and how to achieve it. This supreme goal is happiness, and it is not about pleasures, riches, honors, but about a virtuous life, that virtue is between the extremes and is only achieved by someone who shows prudence.

This work was very important to the history of philosophy, since it was the first treatise on the human action of history.